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Another fundamental viagra woman pfizer to creating an actionable data system is empowering decision makers to use the data to make decisions. Empowerment requires capacity and commitment. Building organizational commitment requires sharing data internally, holding staff members responsible for viagra woman pfizer on data, and creating a culture of learning and inquiry.

To do this, organizations first need the capacity to share the data they collect. This does not require big investments in technology. It can be as simple as a chalkboard or as fancy as a computerized data dashboard, but the goal should be to find the simplest possible system that allows everyone access to the data in a timely fashion. Next, the organization needs a procedure for reviewing data that can be integrated into program operations and organizational routines.

Again, this need not be complex. Data can be presented and discussed at a weekly or monthly staff meeting. The important thing is that data are reviewed on a regular basis in a venue that involves both program managers and staff. But just holding meetings will not be viagra woman pfizer to create organizational commitment and build capacity if accountability and learning are not built into the process. Program staff viagra woman pfizer be responsible for reporting the data, sharing what is working well, and developing strategies to improve performance when things are not.

Managers can demonstrate organizational commitment by engaging in meetings and listening to program staff. Accountability efforts should focus on viagra woman pfizer ability of staff to understand, explain, and develop responses to datain other words, focus on learning and improvement, not on punishment.

The final element of an actionable system is consistent follow-up. Organizations must return to the data and actually use it to inform program decisions. To simplify the task of improving data collection and analysis, we offer a three-question test that an organization can apply to all monitoring data it collects:Can and will the viagra woman pfizer collected) data help manage the day-to-day operations or design decisions for your program.

Ethambutol the data useful for accountability, to verify that the organization viagra woman pfizer doing what it said it would do. Will your organization commit to using the data and make investments in organizational structures necessary to do so. If you cannot answer yes to at least one of these questions, then you probably should not be collecting paracodina data.

Maybe this seemingly new turn away from impact evaluation is all a part of our plan to make rigorous evaluations even more useful to decision superego at the right viagra woman pfizer. And when a randomized evaluation (or viagra woman pfizer shows that something works and it is ready for scale, a good monitoring system based on a viagra woman pfizer theory of change is the critical link to ensuring quality implementation of the program as it scales.

In the interim, our plan is to shift the focus to evidence strategies that karl pfizer learning and improvement. If this stratagem ultimately leads to more effective impact evaluations, so much the better. Mary Kay Gugerty is the Nancy Bell Evans Professor of Nonprofit Management at the Daniel J.

Dean Karlan is professor of economics and finance at the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University, where he is codirector of the Global Poverty Research Lab at the Buffett Institute for Global Studies.

He is also founder of Innovations for Poverty Action and cofounder of ImpactMatters. Gugerty and Karlan are coauthors of The Goldilocks Challenge: Right-Fit Evidence for the Social Sector (Oxford University Press).

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